Change nappies frequently, keep your child’s bottom clean and dry, and apply barrier cream to treat nappy rash.
Nappy rash is a very common skin problem, especially in babies and toddlers who have not mastered using the potty. It occurs when the skin of your child’s bottom becomes damaged and irritated.
What causes nappy rash?
The leading cause of nappy rash is wearing a damp or dirty nappy for an extended period. This is because ammonia, found in urine and faeces, can irritate your child’s skin. The moisture of urine and faeces can also be bothersome.
Other factors that can cause or worsen nappy rash include:
- Friction between the nappy and the skin
- Plastic pull up pants, which prevent normal air circulation and keep the nappy area damp
- Soaps, detergents, or fragrances left on the skin after bathing or left on cloth nappies after washing
- Harsh chemicals found in some disposable baby wipes
- Existing skin ailments, such as eczema, psoriasis, thrush, and impetigo
Nappy rash signs
If your child has nappy rash, their bottom and genital skin will appear irritated, red and inflamed. There may be spots, pimples or blisters.
While urine does not normally infiltrate skin creases, nappy rash can occasionally migrate up to your child’s tummy or spread towards their back.